This Video explains to you what is the industrial revolution and the history behind the industrial revolution.

  • What is industry 4.0, and how do IoT and IIoT contribute to the industry4.0 revolution from Industry1.0, Industry2.0, Industry3.0, and then Industry4.0?
  • The Fourth Industrial Revolution is a term that describes our present technologic in intelligent manufacturing.
  • This industry revolution journey of India and the world has brought us to the present stage of humankind’s industrial evolution.

This Video also explains the following parameter:

  1.  Internet of Things (IoT)
  2. Advanced Robotics
  3. Smart Manufacturing
  4. Cloud computing
  5. Big Data Analytics and Machine Learning
  6. Cyber Security
  7. Additive Manufacturing
  8. Artificial intelligence
  9. Augmented and Virtual Reality

Mankind has been manufacturing objects since prehistoric times. 

Bronze was manufactured in the 5th millennium BC and Steel is also 4000 years old. So what is this Industrial Revolution that you must have heard about? Industrial Revolution, or let the 1st Industrial is a period from 1760-1820 when manufacturing processes started becoming mechanized. This mainly happened first in Europe and then in the USA. Of course, the machines were all hand-operated, or electric power was non-existent back then.

 There are many stories about the Industrial Revolution- let me tell you an interesting one. To protect domestic cloth manufacturing, England had put an embargo on the replication of its proprietary machines anywhere in the world. Exporting the designs was a punishable act of espionage. Yet, a man named Francis Cabot Lowell did the unthinkable. In 1812, he succeeded in taking the designs of Edward Cartwright’s power loom from the UK to the US. His ship was intercepted, but the British can find nothing on him.

How did he manage it?

The design was in his head! He has memorized the design details of the power loom completely and accurately & was also able to construct an improved version of the same.In the early 20th century, people started using electric power. The world is witness to the war between Edison and Tesla over the use of AC and DC power. Two important things happened in the same period.

  • One, Henry Ford invented the assembly line to manufacture Ford’s Model.
  • Second, Frederick Winslow Taylor, an Industrial Engineer, formulated many thumb rules to improve industrial efficiency. They included the design of factory layouts as well as devising optimal methods for handling tools. Frederick Winslow Taylor is considered the father of Scientific Management. The early B-Schools had MBA courses that are built on principles founded by him and his contemporaries.

Why is IoT required in the current industry?

To understand IoT, we have to first understand how the industrial revolution took place. For that, we should understand the Industrial Revolution that began in the 18th century with the use of steam power and the industrial revolution occurred from industry 1.0, industry 2.0, industry 3.0, and industry 4.0 then how the internet of things comes into the market. So a question comes into our mind:

what is industry 4.0?

To understand Industry 4.0 first we have to understand where the industrial revolution started. Let’s first try to understand industry 1.0.

Industry 1.0

The First industrial revolution occurred in the 18th century when steam engines were invented and with the help of these steam engines loads of goods were carried from one place to another place in a matter of a few hours so production increased. In industry 1.0 production of goods increased with the help of the mechanical structure and the power of steam. 

Industry 2.0

Electricity was the main reason for industry 2.0 in the 19th century when Henry Ford (1863-1947) came up with the idea of mass production and started mass car production with the use of electricity.

Industry 3.0

The Third Industrial Revolution started in the 1950s when computer control was incorporated into the manufacturing processes. That was also the advent of the space age. The Voyager 1 was launched in 1977 to explore space beyond the solar system. The computer controlling it has a memory of 69.64 kilobytes (the size of a low-resolution JPEG image) and executes only 81000 instructions per second. A modern-day smartphone is thousands of times faster than that! But Voyager 1 still sends images and information from interstellar space. The same instruments and computers that went into the body of a spacecraft also helped in making factories function better. The problems faced by factories were not just technical anymore. Factory planning turned out to be a big issue.

Eliyahu Goldratt gave his famous ‘Theory of Constraints’ that optimized production through observing and controlling process  bottlenecks. Computer revolution 3.0 is the main key to all Industry Revolutions. With the help of computer automation, we can control the robots through the computer and robotic hands can perform operations on human beings. 

 

Industry 4.0

Industry 4.0 has just started. You are at the forefront of it. It is time to write your own story. Let the journey begin!

The Internet revolution is the key to industry 4.0. In industry 4.0 things are connected to the internet and they start communicating with each other. Machine-to-machine can communicate so advanced robotics hands can efficiently solve the tough task that they utilize the features of other machines. In industry 4.0 system integration, IoT is the internet of things, automation, industrial communication, big data, cloud computing, Mobile technologies, M2M, 3D printing, advanced robotic hands, RFID, data analytics, data science, machine learning, artificial intelligence, cyber security, etc. come into the picture. 

What is the Internet of things?

In IoT things are connected to the internet, this can be connected through the internet or intranet. Let us understand this with the help of an example. If a heart patient wears a smartwatch that can count the heartbeat, & if on a particular day, the heartbeat gets abnormal, then this smartwatch can alert you in time so that you could be taken to your doctor to be given timely help. In this scenario your smartwatch is Things & your smartphone is the controller, through which the application is used for monitoring your health data that is the program.

With the help of the internet, your device sends the data to the cloud for storage for future use. Many times this big data could be used for different predictions of algorithms for better results. Your family & your doctor are alerted via call on the mobile phone or via an SMS notification. Hence we can say that the Internet of Things (IoT) is connected to the internet or intranet and starting communication and sharing this data is the beauty of IoT in industry 4.0

Now let’s summarize the industrial revolution, during industry 1.0 work was mainly on steam power, during industry 2.0 was based on electricity, during industry 3.0 was based on the computing through computer revolution and now in industry 4.0, the features are combined and machines can communicate with other machines. Well, if you have any queries please post your comment in the comment section and you can also suggest which is the next topics you would be interested in for the next lecture. 

 If you are an industrialist and have been wanting to upgrade your products then IoT can surely help you to make your products smart for your future needs.