Cloud Computing Definition

Cloud computing access the application of internet to utilize the Internet services. This enables us to create, create, and fix online business applications. Clouds can be limited to an Enterprise Cloud and available to many Public Clouds or a combination of both Cloud Hybrid. Cloud computing relies on sharing resources to ensure sustainability and scale economies. In this 21st century, the IT world has progressed up to the extent that, now users can access internet services on lightweight mobile devices like smart phones. The question arises how all this has become possible without using the powerful machines? The answer lies in these two words – Cloud Computing.

What is a Cloud?

Cloud can be referred to to a network or internet that consist network devices, storage elements, processing devices and servers. Cloud computing is based on previously used technologies of cluster computing and grid computing. We can say that the cloud is something that exists in a remote place. Cloud can provide services on public and private networks, i.e. WAN, LAN or VPN. This computing technology integrates the concept of virtualization, grid computing, management of hardware/software services and power efficiency. There are many cloud service providers in market like Google, Amazon, Zoha etc..these service providers provide different kinds of services to the consumer based on pay-per-use model.

What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing deals with manipulation, configuration, and access to hardware and software resources. It provides online data storage, infrastructure and applications. Cloud Computing provides independence platform because the software should not be installed on the computer. That’s why cloud computing makes our mobile business applications and together. Public students and hybrid clouds point out that cloud computing enables companies to reduce or lower the cost of IT infrastructure in advance. Supporters also claim that cloud computing organizations enable their applications to improve faster, with improved management and reduced maintenance, and IT teams can adjust resources faster to meet changing and unpredictable needs. Network providers typically use a payment model for use that can lead to unexpected operating costs if administrators are not familiar with cloud pricing models.

History of Cloud Computing

While the term “cloud computing” became popular on, which released its product Elastic Compute Cloud in 2006, references to “cloud computing” surfaced in early 1996, with the first mention in a Compaq internal document. The cloud icon was used to represent the computer equipment networks in the original ARPANET early in 1977 and the 1981 CSNET – the two predecessors on the Internet. The word cloud was used as a metaphor for the Internet and a new standardized form to represent a network in telephony systems. In this simplification, this means that the details of how the endpoints of a network are connected are not relevant to the understanding of the diagram. The term cloud refers to distributed computing platforms since the beginning of 1993, when the spin-off companies Apple, General Magic, and AT & T used their specialized technologies, Telescript and PersonaLink. At Wired in April 1994, Bill and Andy’s Great Adventure II commented on Andy Hertzfeld’s Telescript, a programming language distributed by General Magic: “The nice thing about Telescript … is that instead of programming just one device today, we have the entire cloud in which only one program can search and create different sources of information, a kind of virtual Jim White [the designer of Telescript, X. .400 and ASN.1] now uses a date-setting service, where a software agent goes to the flower shop, orders the flowers and then loads tickets and receives tickets for the show that have been communicated to both parties “.

Advantages and benefits of Cloud Computing

Trading Fees for Variable Expenses

Instead of investing in data centers and servers before knowing how to use them, you can only pay when you use IT resources, and only for consumption. So that we can save the money with the help of the cloud computing.

Benefit from Massive Economies of Scale

Using cloud computing results in lower variable costs than you can reach yourself. Since the use of hundreds of thousands of customers in the cloud is aggregated, providers like Amazon Web Services can achieve greater economies of scale, resulting in lower labor costs.

Stop Enjoying the ability

Avoid estimating your infrastructure capacity needs. When you make a capacity decision before deploying an application, you often end up with inactive or expensive resources that are expensive. Cloud computing eliminates these problems. You can access as much or as little as you need and evolve at your leisure in minutes.

Increase Speed and agility

In a cloud computing environment, new computing resources are just a click away. This means you can reduce the time needed to make these resources available to your developers from a few weeks to a few minutes. This translates into a significant increase in business agility, as the costs and time required for experimentation and development are significantly reduced.

Stop Spending Money on Data Center Operations and Maintenance

Focus on the projects that characterize your business, not the infrastructure. With cloud computing, you can focus on your own customers without having to focus on lifting, stacking, and powering servers.

Global Go in a few minutes

Deploy your application in a few clicks in different parts of the world. This means you can provide your customers with less latency and a better experience, easily and cheaply.


  1. Announcing Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) – beta. 24 August 2006. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  2. Internet History 1977.
  3. National Science Foundation, Diagram of CSNET,1981.
  4. Steven Levy (April 1994). Bill and Andy’s Excellent Adventure II. Wired.
  5. AT&T (1993). What Is The Cloud?. Retrieved 2017-10-26. 
  6. Antonio Regalado (31 October 2011). Who Coined ‘Cloud Computing’?. Technology Review. MIT. Retrieved 31 July 2013.